Relief efforts are underway to assist victims of Hurricane Harvey and those affected by the catastrophic flooding in Texas and Louisiana. Many well-meaning Americans are making donations through a variety of organizations. Most of the donations will provide much-needed assistance, but a lot of it won’t. In this post, we focus our attention on how to make effective, tax-deductible donations for disaster relief.
Donate through a qualified charity
Although donating through a 501(c)(3) charitable nonprofit organization is hardly a guarantee for proper management, it does provide assurance that there is at least some degree of oversight and accountability. It also allows you to deduct the amount of your gift from that year’s taxes. 26 U.S. Code § 501(c)(3). Make sure that you get an acknowledgment letter from the organization with its 501(c)(3) number (note that churches and other religious organizations are not required to apply for 501(c)(3) status). Also, keep in mind that there are charitable organizations to which contributions are not deductible (e.g., 501(c)(4) social welfare and civic organizations). Further, most contributions to foreign charitable organizations are not deductible. See Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Publication 78.
Do your research
Even valid charities have issues. In our 2015 blog post on charity scams, we mentioned how important it is to research the activities of the charities to which you donate, and follow up on the outcomes of their efforts.
Donate only what is needed
After the 1998 Honduras earthquake, an airplane filled with desperately needed supplies for the tens of thousands who were without food, shelter and clean water was unable to land because excess donations of clothing (including winter coats!) were left on the runway.
In 2012, an estimated 65,000 teddy bears were donated to Sandy Hook Elementary School – nearly three times the entire population of Newtown, Connecticut.
For both practical and tax reasons, usually the best thing to donate is money. Unless specifically requested, volunteers can be more of a hindrance than a help to relief organizers – and your time is not tax deductible. In nearly every case, cash donations are far more useful because they allow local relief organizations to purchase necessary items.
In the modern digital age it isn’t hard to make online inquiries with people affected by the disaster to find out what is really needed in their community. After all, donating shouldn’t be about what we want to give– it should be about getting people what they need.